TBI - Overview
The frequency of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and youth is staggering. Each year in the United States, as many as one million children and youth will sustain brain injuries as a result of motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports, and abuse. The largest group of traumatic brain injured individuals fall within the 15-24 year old age group, but the frequency is nearly as high for youngsters under 15 years of age.
Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that may adversely affect a student's educational performance and result in the need for special education and related services. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as: cognition, speech/language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem-solving, sensory, perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, and information processing. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or brain injuries induced by birth trauma.
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