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Paul Bunyan Education Cooperative - Communication Impairment

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Why Speech-Language Pathology services in schools?

More than three million children of all ages are estimated to have varying kinds and degrees of communicative impairments. Schools offer a broad continuum of services for preschool and school-age children who have special needs in developing communication skills.

What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?

Speech-language pathologists plan, direct, and participate in many instructional programs for children and youth who are communicatively handicapped. They seek to prevent language, speech, and hearing disorders through pupil and public education, early identification of problems, and active work with children often involving parents, educators, and health professionals.

The Speech-Language Pathologist in the schools work with children . . .

Help is given to children with: Service is provided to: Services include:
  • language handicaps that are often the basis for academic learning disabilities
  • chronic voice disorders
  • stuttering
  • hearing loss
  • moderate-to-severe articulation defects
  • language, speech, and hearing disorders associated with cleft palate, cerebral palsy, intellectual impairment, emotional or behavioral disturbances, visual impairments, aphasia, and other conditions
  • high-risk infants enrolled in school-operated child-development programs
  • preschoolers in school based programs
  • elementary, middle, and secondary school children and youth
  • multiple handicapped students
  • severely handicapped children
  • identifying children with communication problems by screening, survey, or referral
  • assessing and diagnosing children’s communicative needs and behaviors
  • goal-based remediation given in individual and/or group sessions
  • periodic reassessment and evaluation of children’s progress in achieving instructional and clinical goals

Description of Speech-Language disorders:

Articulation disorder means the absence of or incorrect production of speech sounds that are developmentally appropriate.

Language disorder means a breakdown in communication as characterized by problems in expressing needs, ideas, or information that may be accompanied by problems in understanding.

Fluency disorder means the intrusion or repetition of sounds, syllables, and words; prolongations of sounds; avoidance of words; silent blocks; or inappropriate inhalation, exhalation, or phonation patterns. These pattern may also be accompanied by facial and body movements associated with the effort to speak.

Voice disorder means the absence of voice or presence of abnormal quality, pitch, resonance, loudness, or duration.

For further information contact:

Heidi Hahn, Director Nancy Anderson, Assistant Director Elizabeth Lee, Assistant Director
218-454-5500 218-454-5511 218-454-5528
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